Tuesday, 28 January 2014

Know more about Indian Rupees and the official currency of the Republic of India

India INR
India INR
The Indian rupee (symbol: ₹; ISO code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India.
New symbol of rupees
New symbol of rupees
The modern rupee is subdivided into 100 paise (singular paisa) though as of 2011 only 50-paise coins are legal tender. Banknotes in circulation come in denominations of ₹5, ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100, ₹500 and ₹1000. Rupee coins are available in denominations of ₹1, ₹2, ₹5, ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹75, ₹100, ₹150 and ₹1000; the coins for ₹20 and above are for commemorative purposes only; the only other rupee coin has a nominal value of 50 paise, since lower denominations have been officially withdrawn.
The Indian rupee symbol '₹' (officially adopted in 2010) is derived from the Devanagari consonant "र" (Ra) and the Latin letter "R". The first series of coins with the rupee symbol was launched on 8 July 2011.
The Reserve Bank manages currency in India and derives its role in currency management on the basis of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. Recently RBI launched a website Paisa-Bolta-Hai to raise awareness of counterfeit currency among users of the INR.
 Indian Rupee
         Silver punch mark coin of the Maurya empire, known as Rupyarupa, 3rd century BCE.
Historically, the rupee (derived from the Sanskrit word raupya), was a silver coin. This had severe consequences in the nineteenth century, when the strongest economies in the world were on the gold standard. The discovery of large quantities of silver in the United States and several European colonies resulted in a decline in the value of silver relative to gold, devaluing India's standard currency. This event was known as "the fall of the rupee".
The history of the Indian rupee traces back to Ancient India in circa 6th century BC, ancient India was one of the earliest issuers of coins in the world, along with the Chinese wen and Lydian staters.
The Hindi word rūpiya is derived from Sanskrit word rūpya, which means "wrought silver, a coin of silver", in origin an adjective meaning "shapely", with a more specific meaning of "stamped, impressed", whence "coin". It is derived from the noun rūpa "shape, likeness, image". The word rūpa is being further identified as having sprung from the Dravidian ".
                   Arthashastra, written by Chanakya, prime minister to the first Maurya emperor Chandragupta Maurya(c. 340-290 BCE), mentions silver coins as rupyarupa, other types of coins including gold coins (Suvarnarupa), copper coins ( Tamararupa) and lead coins (Sisarupa) are also mentioned. Rupa means form or shape, example, Rupyarupa, Rupya - wrought silver, rupa – form. During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1545, he set up a new civic and military administration, Afghan king Sher Shah Suri issued a coin of silver, weighing 178 grains, which was termed the Rupiya. The silver coin remained in use during the Mughal period, Maratha era as well as in British India. Among the earliest issues of paper rupees include; theBank of Hindustan (1770–1832), the General Bank of Bengal and Bihar (1773–75, established by Warren Hastings), and the Bengal Bank (1784–91).
Sher shah's rupee
Sher shah's rupee
                                                                  Rupiya issued by Sher Shah Suri, 1540–1545 CE
India was unaffected by the imperial order-in-council of 1825, which attempted to introduce British sterling coinage to the British colonies. British India, at that time, was controlled by the British East India Company. The silver rupee continued as the currency of India through the British Raj and beyond. In 1835, British India adopted a mono-metallic silver standard based on the rupee; this decision was influenced by a letter written by Lord Liverpool in 1805 extolling the virtues of mono-metallism.
Following the Indian Mutiny in 1857, the British government took direct control of British India. Since 1851, gold sovereigns were produced en masse at the Royal Mint in Sydney, New South Wales. In an 1864 attempt to make the British gold sovereign the "imperial coin", the treasuries in Bombay and Calcutta were instructed to receive gold sovereigns; however, these gold sovereigns never left the vaults. As the British government gave up hope of replacing the rupee in India with the pound sterling, it realized for the same reason it could not replace the silver dollar in the Straits Settlements with the Indian rupee (as the British East India Company had desired).
Since the silver crisis of 1873, a number of nations adopted the gold standard; however, India remained on the silver standard until it was replaced by a basket of commodities and currencies in the late 20th century.
The Indian rupee replaced the Danish Indian rupee in 1845, the French Indian rupee in 1954 and the Portuguese Indian escudo in 1961. Following the independence of British India in 1947 and the accession of the princely states to the new Union, the Indian rupee replaced all the currencies of the previously autonomous states (although the Hyderabadi rupee was not demonetized until 1959). Some of the states had issued rupees equal to those issued by the British (such as the Travancore rupee). Other currencies (including the Hyderabadi rupee and the Kutch kori) had different values.
1 rupee bill historical
1 rupee bill historical
                                                                      One-rupee banknote
Rupee One Obverse
Rupee One Obverse
                               Obverse of a one-rupee note issued by the Government of India.
The values of the subdivisions of the rupee during British rule (and in the first decade of independence) were:
1862 Victoria Queen type set India
1862 Victoria Queen type set India
  • 1 rupee = 16 anna (later 100 naye paise)
  • 1 artharupee = 8 anna, or 1/2 rupee (later 50 naye paise)
  • 1 pavala = 4 anna, or 1/4 rupee (later 25 naye paise)
  • 1 beda = 2 anna, or 1/8 rupee (later equivalent to 12.5 naye paise)
  • 1 anna = 1/16 rupee (later equivalent to 6.25 naye paise)
  • 1 paraka = 1/2 anna (later equivalent to 3.125 naye paise)
  • 1 kani (pice) = 1/4 anna (later equivalent to 1.5625 naye paise)
  • 1 damidi (pie) = 1/12 anna (later equivalent to 0.520833 naye paise)
In 1957, the rupee was decimalised and divided into 100 naye paise (Hindi for "new paise"); in 1964, the initial "naye" was dropped. Many still refer to 25, 50 and 75 paise as 4, 8 and 12 annas respectively, similar to the usage of "two bits" in American English for a quarter-dollar.

International use

With the Partition the Pakistani rupee came into existence, initially using Indian coins and Indian currency notes simply over stamped with "Pakistan". Previously the Indian rupee was an official currency of other countries, including Aden, Oman, Dubai, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the Trucial States, Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, the Seychelles and Mauritius.
The Indian government introduced the Gulf rupee – also known as the Persian Gulf rupee (XPGR) – as a replacement for the Indian rupee for circulation outside the country with the Reserve Bank of India (Amendment) Act of 1 May 1959. The creation of a separate currency was an attempt to reduce the strain on India's foreign reserves from gold smuggling. After India devalued the rupee on 6 June 1966, those countries still using it – Oman, Qatar, and the Trucial States (which became the United Arab Emirates in 1971) – replaced the Gulf rupee with their own currencies. Kuwait and Bahrain had already done so in 1961 and 1965, respectively.
The Bhutanese ngultrum is pegged at par with the Indian rupee; both currencies are accepted in Bhutan. The Nepalese rupee is pegged at ₹0.625; the Indian rupee is accepted in Nepal, except ₹500 and ₹1000 banknotes, which are not legal tender in Nepal. Sri Lanka's rupee is not currently related to that of India; it is pegged to the US dollar.


East India Company, 1835


The three Presidencies established by the British East India Company (Bengal, Bombay and Madras) each issued their own coinages until 1835. All three issued rupees and fractions thereof down to 18- and 116-rupee in silver. Madras also issued two-rupee coins.
Copper denominations were more varied. Bengal issued one-pie, 12-, one- and two-paise coins. Bombay issued 1-pie, 14-, 12-, 1-, 112-, 2- and 4-paise coins. In Madras there were copper coins for two and four pies and one, two and four paisa, with the first two denominated as 12 and one dub (or 196 and 148) rupee. Madras also issued the Madras fanamuntil 1815.
All three Presidencies issued gold mohurs and fractions of mohurs including 1161214 in Bengal, 115 (a gold rupee) and 13 (pancia) in Bombay and 1413 and 12 in Madras.
In 1835, a single coinage for the EIC was introduced. It consisted of copper 11214 and 12 anna, silver 1413 and 1 rupee and gold 1 and 2 mohurs. In 1841, silver 2 annas were added, followed by copper 12 pice in 1853. The coinage of the EIC continued to be issued until 1862, even after the Company had been taken over by the Crown.

Regal issues, 1862–1947

Regal issue minted during the reign of King/Emperor George V.
In 1862, coins were introduced (known as "regal issues") which bore the portrait of Queen Victoria and the designation "India". Their denominations were 112 anna, 12 pice, 14 and 12 anna (all in copper), 2 annas, 1412 and one rupee (silver), and five and ten rupees and one mohur (gold). The gold denominations ceased production in 1891, and no 12-anna coins were issued after 1877.
In 1906, bronze replaced copper for the lowest three denominations; in 1907, a cupro-nickel one-anna coin was introduced. In 1918–1919 cupro-nickel two-, four- and eight-annas were introduced, although the four- and eight-annas coins were only issued until 1921 and did not replace their silver equivalents. In 1918, the Bombay mint also struck gold sovereigns and 15-rupee coins identical in size to the sovereigns as an emergency measure during the First World War.
In the early 1940s, several changes were implemented. The 112 anna and 12 pice ceased production, the 14 anna was changed to a bronze, holed coin, cupro-nickel and nickel-brass 12-anna coins were introduced, nickel-brass was used to produce some one- and two-annas coins, and the silver composition was reduced from 91.7 to 50 percent. The last of the regal issues were cupro-nickel 14-, 12- and one-rupee pieces minted in 1946 and 1947, bearing the image of George VI, King and Emperor on the obverse and an Indian tiger on the reverse..

Independent predecimal issues, 1950–1957

Indian one pice minted in 1950
Indian one pice, minted in 1950
India's first coins after independence were issued in 1950 in 1 pice, 12, one and two annas, 1412 and one-rupee denominations. The sizes and composition were the same as the final regal issues, except for the one-pice (which was bronze, but not holed).

Independent decimal issues, 1957–

IN Aluminium Series Paise
IN Aluminium Series Paise
In 1964, India introduced aluminium coins for denominations up to 20p.
The first decimal-coin issues in India consisted of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 and 50 naye paise, and 1 rupee. The 1 naya paisa was bronze; the 2, 5 & 10 naye paise were cupro-nickel, and the 25 naye paise (nicknamed chavanni; 25 naye paise equals 4 annas), 50 naye paise (also called athanni; 50 naye paise equaled 8 old annas) and 1-rupee coins were nickel. In 1964, the word naya(e) was removed from all coins. Between 1964 and 1967, aluminum one-, two-, three-, five- and ten-paise coins were introduced. In 1968 nickel-brass 20-paise coins were introduced, and replaced by aluminum coins in 1982. Between 1972 and 1975, cupro-nickel replaced nickel in the 25- and 50-paise and the 1-rupee coins; in 1982, cupro-nickel two-rupee coins were introduced. In 1988 stainless steel 10-, 25- and 50-paise coins were introduced, followed by 1- and 5-rupee coins in 1992. Five-rupee coins, made from brass, are being minted by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
Between 2005 and 2008 new, lighter fifty-paise, one-, two- and five-rupee coins were introduced, made from ferritic stainless steel. The move was prompted by the melting-down of older coins, whose face value was less than their scrap value. The demonetization of the 25-(chavanni) paise coin and all paise coins below it took place, and a new series of coins (50 paise – nicknamed athanni – one, two, five and ten rupees, with the new rupee symbol) were put into circulation in 2011. Coins commonly in circulation are one, two, five and ten rupees. Although it is still legal tender, the 50-paise (athanni) coin is rarely seen in circulation.
The coins are minted at the four locations of the India Government Mint. The ₹1, ₹2, and ₹5 coins have been minted since independence. Coins minted with the "hand picture" were minted from 2005 onwards.

Special coins

After independence, the Government of India mint, minted coins imprinted with Indian statesmen, historical and religious figures. In year 2010 and 2011 for the first time ever ₹75, ₹150 and ₹1000 coins were minted in India to commemorate Platinum Jubilee of Reserve Bank of India, 150th birth anniversary of Rabindra Nath Tagore and 1000 years of Brihadeeswarar Temple, respectively. In 2012 a ₹60 coin was also issued to commemorate 60 years of Government of India Mint, Kolkata.


The design of banknotes is approved by the central government, on the recommendation of the central board of the India. Currency notes are printed at the Currency Note Press in Nashik, the Bank Note Press in Dewas, the Bharatiya Note Mudra Nigam (P) presses at Salboni and Mysore and at the Watermark Paper Manufacturing Mill in Hoshangabad.
The current series of banknotes (which began in 1996) is known as the Mahatma Gandhi series. Banknotes are issued in the denominations of ₹5, ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100, ₹500 and ₹1000. The printing of ₹5 notes (which had stopped earlier) resumed in 2009. ATMs usually distribute ₹100, ₹500 and ₹1,000 notes. The zero rupee note is not an official government issue, but a symbol of protest; it is printed (and distributed) by an NGO in India.

British India

British Indian ten rupee note

KGVI rupee 1 note obverse
KGVI rupee 1 note obverse
British Indian one rupee note
In 1861, the government of India introduced its first paper money: ₹10 notes in 1864, ₹5 notes in 1872, ₹10,000 notes in 1899, ₹100 notes in 1900, 50-rupee notes in 1905, 500-rupee notes in 1907 and 1000-rupee notes in 1909. In 1917, 1- and 212-rupee notes were introduced. The Reserve Bank of India began banknote production in 1938, issuing ₹2, ₹5, ₹10, ₹50, ₹100, ₹1,000 and ₹10,000 notes while the government continued issuing ₹1 notes.

Independent issues since 1949

After independence, new designs were introduced to replace the portrait of the king. The government continued issuing the ₹1note, while the Reserve Bank issued other denominations (including the ₹5,000 and ₹10,000 notes introduced in 1949). During the 1970s, ₹20 and ₹50 notes were introduced; denominations higher than ₹100 were demonetized in 1978. In 1987 the 500-rupee note was introduced, followed by the ₹1,000 note in 2000. ₹1 and ₹2 notes were discontinued in 1995.
In September 2009, the Reserve Bank of India decided to introduce polymer banknotes on a trial basis. Initially, 100 crore (1 billion) pieces of polymer ₹10 notes will be introduced. According to Reserve Bank officials, the polymer notes will have an average lifespan of five years (four times that of paper banknotes) and will be difficult to counterfeit; they will also be cleaner than paper notes.

Current banknotes

1000 INR Obs LR
1000 INR Obs LR
 Mahatma Gandhi series ₹1000 banknote with the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi
The Mahatma Gandhi series of banknotes are issued by the Reserve Bank of India as legal tender. The series is so named because the obverse of each note features a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi. Since its introduction in 1996, this series has replaced all issued banknotes. The RBI introduced the series in 1996 with ₹10 and ₹500 banknotes, at present, the RBI issues banknotes in denominations from ₹5 to ₹1,000. The printing of ₹5 notes (which had stopped earlier) resumed in 2009.
As of January 2012, the new '₹' sign has been incorporated into banknotes in denominations of ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100, ₹500 and ₹1,000.


The Government of India has the only right to mint the coins. The responsibility for coinage comes under the Coinage Act, 1906 which is amended from time to time. The designing and minting of coins in various denominations is also the responsibility of the Government of India. Coins are minted at the five India Government Mints at Mumbai, Alipore(Kolkata), Saifabad(Hyderabad), Cherlapally (Hyderabad) and NOIDA (UP).
The coins are issued for circulation only through the Reserve Bank in terms of the RBI Act.

Security features

The main security features of current banknotes are:
  • Watermark - White side panel of notes has Mahatma Gandhi watermark.
  • Security thread - All notes have a silver or green security band with inscriptions (visible when held against light) of Bharat in Hindi and "RBI" in English.
  • Latent image - On notes of denominations of ₹20 and upwards, a vertical band on the right side of the Mahatma Gandhi’s portrait contains a latent image showing the respective denominational value numerally (visible only when the note is held horizontally at eye level).
  • Micro lettering - Numeral denominational value is visible under magnifying glass between security thread and latent image.
  • Intaglio - On notes with denominations of ₹5 and upwards the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi, the Reserve Bank seal, guarantee and promise clause, Ashoka Pillar Emblem on the left and the RBI Governor's signature are printed in intaglio (raised print).
  • Identification mark - On the left of the watermark window, different shapes are printed for various denominations ₹20: vertical rectangle, ₹50: square, ₹100: triangle, ₹500: circle, ₹1,000: diamond). This also helps the visually impaired to identify the denomination.
  • Fluorescence - Number panels glow under ultraviolet light.
  • Optically variable ink - Notes of ₹500 and ₹1,000 denominations have their numerals printed in optically variable ink. The number appears green when the note is held flat, but changes to blue when viewed at an angle.
  • See-through register - Floral designs printed on the front and the back of the note coincide and perfectly overlap each other when viewed against light.
  • EURion constellation - A pattern of symbols found on the banknote helps software detect the presence of a banknote in a digital image, preventing its reproduction with devices such as colour photocopiers.

Each banknote has its amount written in 17 languages. On the obverse, the denomination is written in English and Hindi. On the reverse is a language panel which displays the denomination of the note in 15 of the 22 official languages of India. The languages are displayed in alphabetical order. Languages included on the panel are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam,Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

Monday, 27 January 2014

Draconian Demolition drive by BDA in Bhubaneswar

Demolition BDADraconian Demolition drive by BDA in Bhubaneswar

Demolition drive in Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar: 27.01.2014: OBB: Demolition drive in Bhubaneswar.In a demolition drive against unauthorized construction in the city ,the BDA has resorted to draconian measures by demolishing quite a luxurious building in Bhubaneswar near Kalinga Stadium .Instead of preventing unauthorised construction, BDA has taken up demolition as a teaching to the investors in the said construction.Strange proposition advanced ,when the construction is carried forward ,personnel in Enforcement Team moving around at the cost of the govt money burning fuel are unable to locate unauthorized  construction at the beginning ,but when a person has put lot of investment ,demolition is carried forward,public standing comments with heavy heart.

                                           Bombing on C.B.I court of Bhubaneswar Odisha.

 Bombing on CBI court

Monday, 27January 2014 | OBB | BHUBANESWAR |Bhubaneswar : Bombing on C.B.I court of Bhubaneswar Odisha. Serial blast at court at Lunch time. An unidentified man was arrested by the Bhubaneswar police after bombing three serial blast inside the district court. Investigation is in progress. Investigation is in progress.

Sunday, 26 January 2014

Woman sarpanch from Dhunkapada to meet US President

Woman sarpanch from Dhunkapada to meet US Presidentsarapanch

Arati Devi, a woman sarpanch from Dhunkapada near Polsara in Ganjam district, is leaving for the United States as the sole representative from South Asia and India to take part in the ‘International Invited Leadership Program’ organised by the US government.
Arati Devi has received the invitation from the US Consulate in Hyderabad. The community leaders will be staying in the US for 21 days and visit five cities.
Along with other community leaders, she will call on US President Barack Obama in Washington during the visit.

CM dedicated 36 new branches of State Bank of India (SBI)

CM dedicated 36 new branches of State Bank of India (SBI)sbi

Bhubaneswar: Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik today dedicated 36 new branches of State Bank of India (SBI) in the state to mark the 65th Republic Day.  Chief General Manager of State Bank of India (SBI) in the State Krishna Mohan Trivedi said these branches, along with the 12 branches opened earlier in the year and the 23 others to be opened by March 31 this year, would take the total SBI branches in the State to 789, which would mean more than 21 per cent of the total number of branches of all banks put together in the State. The bank also has been quite active in the Corporate Social Responsibility front and has donated `2 crore to the Chief Minister’s Relief Fund to help the Phailin victims. It has also donated items to schools that include 722 water purifiers and 11,710 ceiling fans, he said. Others present at the meeting included SBI General Manager (Network 1) Rajeev Verma and GM (Network 2) PVSLN Murthy ‘

Congress will field IPL chairman Ranjiv Biswal for the fourth seat of Rajya Sabha

Congress will field IPL chairman Ranjiv Biswal for the fourth seat of Rajya Sabhaipl ranjiv

“Congress  fields  a candidate for the fourth seat of Rajya Sabha. Though several leaders have shown an interest in contesting the Rajya Sabha polls, the party has left the decision entirely on Congress president Sonia Gandhi, who apparently has zeroed in on a candidate. Party sources said the candidate who will contest with Mohapatra will be a ‘national figure’, believed to be IPL chairman Ranjiv Biswal.
However, if the Congress does field a candidate, it would be tough for Mohapatra to win the election to the upper house since he does not have the support of the required number of MLAs. Besides, the BJP is yet to make its stand clear on the issue.
Congress has 27 MLAs of its own in the Assembly, besides the support of Talcher MLA Brajakishore Pradhan and Champua MLA Jitu Patnaik.

Saturday, 25 January 2014

President medal for17 officers of the Odisha Police

President medal for17 officers of the Odisha Police

Odisha Police conferred with 17 medals by the PresidentUntitled-1 copy

OBB Bureau:Bhubaneswar, Jan 26:A total of 17 officers of the Odisha Police have been selected for the President medal for the year 2013.A notification to this effect was issued by the Union Home ministry on Saturday. According to the notification, Pranabindu Acharya, IG, Directorate of Fire Services, and Swarup Kumar Parida, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Balasore have been selected for President’s Police Medal for Distinguished Service. Besides, 11 police officers have been selected for the President’s Police Medal for Meritorious Service. They are, Asheet Kumar Panigrahi, IG, Balasore, Patitapaban Choudhury, DSP, Brahmapur Special Branch, Sudhir Kumar Behera, Assistant Commandant, OSAP 3rd Battalion, Koraput, Sunil Kumar Nanda, Inspector of Police, Bhubaneswar, Karunakar Das, Sub Inspector, Vigilance Directorate Cuttack, Saroj Kumar Basita, Havildar Major, OSAP 3rd Battalion, Koraput, Satyananda Jena, Havildar, Police Training College, Angul,Kailash Chandra Sahoo, Havildar (Criminal Investigation), Balikuda police station, Dandapati Chetti Dora, Havildar, Koraput, Bidyadhar Moharana, Constable, (Traffic Outpost) Puri, and Ashok Kumar Khandanga, Constable, Vigilance Directorate, Cuttack. Apart from this, Niranjan Das, Superintendent, Circle Jail, Choudhwar, has been selected for President’s Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service while Suresh Kumar Mohapatra, Head Warder, Circle Jail, Sambalpur, Soubhagini Singh, Assistant Matron, Nari Bandi Niketan, Sambalpur and Niranjan Sahoo, Prison Welfare Officer, Circle Jail, Sambalpur have been selected for President’s Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service. For the President’s Gallantry Award, Odia Army officer Major Ajit Kumar Behera of the 2nd Battalion of Rajput Regiment has been selected for the Sena Medal. The awards would be presented during Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi on Sunday.

Judicial court complex came up in Bhubaneswar

Chief Minister laid the foundation stone of the Judicial Court Complexjudicial-complex

Bhubaneswar blossomed with ray of hope for higher judiciary set -up hence

OBB Bureau:Bhubaneswar, Jan 26:  Judicial court complex.Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Saturday laid the foundation stone of the Judicial Court Complex (JCC) at Bhubaneswar Bar Association office premises here. Speaking on the occasion, the Chief Minister said nearly 20 different courts will start functioning from this complex once the construction of the complex is completed. In due course, it can accommodate as many as 50 courts, he said. Since advocates are finding it difficult to rush from one court to another when the courts are located at different places, the JCC will be convenient for lawyers to deal with their cases without moving from one place to another, Patnaik said. Besides, it will also help litigants and petitioners get their grievances redressed expeditiously, he added. “A judicial complex will facilitate all the courts, tribunals and commissions within one premise. This is a step to enrich good governance to which our government is committed. I hope this welcome step will make the justice system quick, inexpensive and justice-seeker friendly,” Patnaik said. Supreme Court Judge Justice AK Patnaik, Odisha High Court Chief Justice AK Goel and District judge Bhubaneswar BK Rath also spoke on the occasion. The JCC will have four separate building two each for Judicial and Revenue courts respectively constructed on the land after demolishing the office of Sub-Registrar, Tehsil and Sub-Collector office here, informed Bhubaneswar Bar Association Secretary Prasanna Kumar Parida.

Fraudulent mutation of land in favour of a Stranger in Jagatsingpur Tahasil

Tahasil jagtFraudulent mutation of land in favour of a Stranger in Jagatsingpur Tahasil

Fraud in Quasi judicial power warrants penal prosecution

Jagatsinghpur: 25.01.2013: Odisha Bulletin Bureau: Mutation of land goes to stranger in Jagatsinghpur Tahasil. Now-a-days, there has been remarkable change in the revenue administration of the State aiming at people friendly mechanism and a great deal of exercise  being put to remove all difficulties in complex principle of revenue laws .In one hand ,the Govt ,Department of Revenue under the renovation  measure of Mr.Tara Dutta , lot of proactive action are put in the pipelines and many thing already achieved;but the corrupt officers below the line are still haunted with their eagle -haunting eyes to over ride the laws and derive benefit for themselves.download (1)
One such case now surfaced in the probing of the Bureau ,the case at hand relates to one   Sahibhusan Acharya an old man of 80 years native of mauza :Mallapur,P.O: Kotian -Baranga ,via-Baduapada in the district of Jagatsinghpur presently staying in Bhubaneswar has become a victim to the fraudulent mutation of his land building by the Ex-Addl. Tahasildar B.C.Nayak  in favour of one Kamini Mishra W/o Prasant Kumar Mishra ,Jagatsinghpur .
On probing the issue,it is learnt from the records ,Kamini Mishra 's husband is one of the followers of the local M.L.A Bishnu Charan Das who was once made infamous for manipulation of his son's mark sheet in board examination . Point to be understood ,Smt Kamini Mishra taking the advantage of the absence of Sashibhusan Acharya and his family members at their native place ,  had once filed a Civil Suit no. 59/2005 claiming title over the property of Sashibhusan Acharya but could not succeed and the said suit was dismissed vide order dtd 16.09.2006 by the learned civil Judge (Sr.Div) Jagatsinghpur .
But Smt. Mishra could not stop there and tried to explore the possibilities how to hijack the property of Sashibhusan Acharya and therefore ,privileged with her husband's political link with local M.L.A has prevailed over the local Tahasil administration when one B.C.Nayak was the Addl. Tahasildar of Jagatdingpur .As learnt ,they have devised a scheme in collusion with the local Notary Mr. B.B.Mohanty Regd no. 02/2002 and thereby , an Agreement for Sale was prepared on 3o.12.2006 incorporating clauses like Sale Deed and the said instrument had then been registered with the said Notary .although the the instrument was named as Agreement for Sale but the text of the instrument more like Sale Deed quoting payment of cash of Rs 20,00,000/-(Rupees Twenty lakhs )being paid to the owner of the land namely Sashibhusan Acharya, the quoted para 3 reads as : 3) That to-day in presence of the following witnesses the 2nd party(Kamini Mishra ) has paid the  entire amount of Rs 20,00,000/-(Rupees Twenty lakhs ) only to the first party and took delivery of possession of the said land and building from the Ist Party .4) that from to-day on wards the Ist party has no objection or he will not raise any objection in future if the schedule property and building is mutated in the name of the 2nd party ,rather the Ist Party has given his consent through this agreement to record /mutate the schedule property in the name of the 2nd party by filling Mutation case before the Tahasildar ,Jagatsingpur.5) that from to-day the Ist party has relinquished all his right ,title,interest and possession in respect of the schedule land and building in favour of the 2nd party and the schedule property hence this agreement ."
In view of such Agreement for Sale being notarized ,Kamini Mishra has submitted her mutation application before the Tahasildar ,Jagatsinghpur vide Mutation Case no. 2683/2007 .Surpringly ,the R.I Jagannath Nayak has submitted his report making the property free from encumbrances on the basis of which the Addl. Tahasildar B.C.Nayak passed the order of mutation on 18.02.2008.
in spite of such mutation being carried out over the property ,the correction was not reflected as a result ,the title holder and owner Sashibhusan Acharya has deposited the rental dues of the property to the R.I on 2.1.2010 and nothing wrong he has ever smelt out but on account of Web Portal ,the owner is learnt to have downloaded the ROR from which he got to know that his land has been recorded in favour of Kamini Mishra and all his efforts are rendered futile to ride over the fraud meted out to his property because the local administration ,police and the mechanism set up in Jagatsinghpur under the political patronage of local leaders has covered the area with the cloud of terrorism as a result the owner advanced in his age more than 80 does gather courage to visit his native place and so also his family members .husband of Kamini happens to be the Hench man of the local M.L.A .
now question haunts ,in the strict mechanism as to how a Tahasildar holding a quasi judicial revenue court has pronounced the order of mutation and the lease deed and all other signatures shown to have been taken in different papers including the documentation before the Notary B.B.Mohanty are all forged and not a single date Sashibhusan Acharya has visited the office or the Notary nor he has eve contributed his signatures ,Sri Acharya states.
Element of strong collusion between the Addl.Tahasildar,R.I,Notary B.B.mohanty,Kamini Mishra ,her husband and other officials in the Tahasil is foisted only to defraud the property of private land owner as well as Govt money pabale at the time of registration of land .the notary B.B.Mohanty appears to have cross ed all his limits of being a notarian having acknowledged an unlawful sale deed in the name of Agreement for sale .Law demands stringent action.Let see how ,govt reacts and as to how human rights under the umbrella of Human Rights Commission is protected .

Friday, 24 January 2014

St.Xavier's High School observed Netaji Subash Bose Jayanti


FunFrolic Fiesta

Cuttack: 24.01.2013:St.Xavier's High School,Nayabazar  observed Netaji Subash Bose Jayanti in the WP_001829Netaji Ground at Nayabazar in among top dignitaries of the State , Mr. Justice Bira Kishore Mishra,Acting Chairperson  of Human Rights Commission ,Justice A.S Naidu and named the function as Fun Frolic Fiesta.At the outset ,the dignitaries have given floral tribute and garlanding to the statute of Netaji and the Managing Director of St.Xavier Group of School Dr.G.S Patnaik has dedicated a well furnished library in the name of the great patriot Netaji Subash Chandra Bose and the occasion was celebrated in among the students /xaverians those who have exhibited their skill in different aspect like dances ,art and sculpture .the scenic beauty of the function has been highly appreciated by Hon'ble Mr.justice A.S Naidu and the performance of the xaverians quite fabulous Hon'ble Justice B.K.Mishra remarked .Each topic presented by the xaverians was a kind of innovative and so also creative and the function as per Justice Mishra and Justice Naidu is no less than professionals in Film  celebrities. The dedicated contribution to organise the function Fun Frolic fiesta by the Headmistress Mrs Subhashree Mohanty and making the celebration a grand success has hingly been appreciated by all the dignatories and Dr.G.S Patanik saluted the efforts of the entire team of St.Xavier'High School,Nayabazar,Cuttack

Wednesday, 22 January 2014

Two MoUs signed for Provision of Comprehensive Diabetic Care in Odisha

Two MoUs signed for Provision of Comprehensive Diabetic Care in Odisha

More than 382 million people world wide have diabetes. This number will probably be doubled by 2030 without intervention. Almost 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low and middle income countries. Diabetes kills one person in every 8 seconds. 4 million people die in a year from diabetes. 4 million lives are lost in one year, 1 million amputations are done in a year and millions of rupees are lost in income and productivity owing to this malicious disease. In India 63 million people suffer from diabetes. It is one-fifth of world’s burden. We stand at second position next to China. 50% of diabetic people are ignorant about the disease and they are detected at later stage with multiple complications. We are genetically predisposed to the disease. 9-12% of Indians in rural area and 12-15% in urban area are diabetic. At present health infrastructure is insufficient to tackle the menace. The prevalence of diabetes is increasing very fast both in urban and rural population in our State. If no control measures are taken now then the prevalence is going to be doubled in next 15 years. The cost of management of diabetes complications arising out untreated/uncontrolled diabetes is causing a huge burden to the patients, Government and society at large. To address the problems of diabetes the National Programme for Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular diseases and stroke (NPCDCS) has been launched in Nuapada, Bolangir, Malkangiri, Koraput and Nabarangapur districts since 2011-12. Massive screening of general population for blood sugar and hypertension has been launched in these districts. 28 lakhs people have already been screened and more that 1.5 lakh persons with huge blood sugar have been detected. Now efforts are being taken to treat these persons after confirmation. But mobilisation of these persons to PHC, CHC and DHH for regular treatment is a big challenge before us. Further availability of trained personnel for diabetes management at primary and secondary system is also a challenge. With this backdrop, Government of Odisha signed a MoU today with Novo Nordisk Education Foundation (NNEF) to implement “Changing Diabetes Barometer” (CDB). This will roll out a diabetes control programme to reach out maximum no of people at primary and community level of Jagatsinghpur, Khurda, Nuapada and Bolangir districts and subsequently to other districts of the state. Further Diabetes being a multi organ disease, it affects heart, kidney, eye, nerves and feet and all other organs and delaying diagnosis leads to complications which are the major cause of suffering and economical loss for the people of the state. To address this problem, Government of Odisha signed another MoU with Kanungo Institute of Diabetes Specialities (KIDS) which will provide quality diabetes care by opening Diabetes Care Centres in 30 districts headquarters of the state. The District Diabetes Care centres by KIDS at district HQ will provide comprehensive services to people with diabetes to referred cases in affordable price. Both the MoUs have been signed by Sri Pradipta Kumar Mohapatra, Principal Secretary, Health & Family Welfare and Mr. Melvin Oscar D’Souza, Managing Trustee, NNEF and Dr. Alok Kanungo, Chairman, KIDS, Bhubaneswar in presence of Dr. Damodar Rout, Minister Health and Family Welfare & MSME. It may be mentioned that the overall objectives of these two interventions will generate public awareness for diabetes, early detection through community level screening, improve the standard of diabetes management at primary and Secondary level health institutions in the state by capacity building of the Government Healthcare System and thus reduce the complications associated with uncontrolled diabetes and ultimately reducing a huge cost burden to individuals, Government and society at large.